William Morrow and Co. Musayra includes four essential features: As a result, linguists have begun to research gender communication. She suggests specific strategies for verbal confrontation and focuses especially on effective use of body language. These stylistic differences can be attributed to the different language structures and compositional styles in different cultures, as many studies supporting the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis have shown.
By comparing the ecologies, economies, social structures, metaphysics, and epistemologies in ancient China and ancient Greece, Nisbett proposed a Geography of Thought theory to explain how Easterners and Westerners think differently and why.
While little girls talk to be liked; little boys often talk to boast. Men often share facts and figures as in a report.
These gender communication differences begin at very early ages. According to Gudykunst and Kimmembers of collectivistic cultures tend to be concerned more with the overall emotional quality of interactions than with the meanings of specific words or sentences.
Speakers and listeners are viewed as separate entities who enter a relationship through the transmission of messages. On the other hand, in low uncertainty avoidance cultures people are more comfortable with unstructured situations. A man prefers talking shoulder-to-shoulder in an angled pattern where he and his friends can take in the room.
This conclusion is obvious when the purpose of male and female communication is understood.
Little girls speak to create harmony; little boys prolong conflict. On the other hand, as members of collectivistic cultures are socialized into major societal values such as interdependence, relational harmony, and connectedness, they tend to formulate interdependent self-construals viewing themselves as part of encompassing social relationships whose behaviors are largely influenced by the thoughts, feelings, and actions of others in the relationship.
In contrast, holistic thinkers tend to be dialectical thinkers. Improving Communication Between Christian Men and Women Once differences in gender communication have been identified, adjustments can be made to improve communication. Therefore, effort should be made to adapt to gender communication differences so the gospel will be clearly understood.
They value creativity and individual choice, and are free to take risks.
People who speak little tend to be trusted more than people who speak a great deal; therefore, in such cultures silence allows an individual to be socially discreet, gain social acceptance, and avoid social penalty.
Conversely, the informal communication can move freely in any direction. Formal communication is written, whereas Informal communication is oral.
Men use communication to maintain independence, while women talk to maintain intimacy. For example, a person who is invited to a party but cannot go, or does not feel like going, would say yes, then simply not go, because a direct refusal is considered more face threatening. He offers advice on how to promote better understanding and communication between the sexes.
Bill Smith, the minister of education at a growing church, began to notice that the only lady on the finance committee never made a comment during the meetings.
They rely heavily on the hidden, implicit cues of the social context, such as interpersonal relationships, the physical and psychological environments, and other contextual cues.
People from high uncertainty avoidance cultures, such as many Latin American cultures, Mediterranean cultures, and some European e.
Whether its nature or nurture, there may be individuals who possess almost none of the traits attributed to their gender. Their spoken words hide an underlying message, of which the other person may be totally unaware. More specifically, people in individualistic societies, such as the United States, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and most of the northern and western European countries, tend to emphasize individual rights, such as freedom, privacy, and autonomy.
A case in point is how the long standing interethnic conflict between Israeli Jews and Palestinian Arabs may be attributable, in part, to differences in communication styles that, as discussed in earlier sections, reflect deep-rooted differences in cultural values and thinking styles, besides a relational history between the two nation states characterized by strife, violence, casualties, and sufferings due to contentions over territory rights and religion.
A number of approaches have been used to describe and explain cultural differences.
Probability Chain Gossip Chain: Dugri represents a cultural identity for Israeli Jews that developed over time in reaction to historical oppression and the Diaspora experience of Jews.
Scholars have noted that the use of dugri and musayra varies from intergroup interactions to intragroup interactions, especially in communication settings conducive to intergroup dialogue:The differences in male and female communication styles can result in misunderstandings, upset and cross-purposes that annoy men and women alike, according to linguistics professor Deborah Tanner in the Washington Post article, “Sex, Lies and Conversation; Why Is It So Hard for Men and Women to Talk to Each Other?”.
The difference between high-context and low-context communication cultures can be further illustrated through the distinction between elaborate and understated communication styles, which involves the degree to which talk is used: An elaborate style refers to the use of expressive language, sometimes with exaggeration or animation, in.
Mar 31, · A few years ago, I conducted research in the United States, Europe and Canada to see how gender differences in communication were displayed in the workplace. The first thing I found was that both men and women identified the same sets of strengths and weaknesses in themselves and each other.
Top Three Communication Strengths. Notes for discussion by Walter vom Saal Below are summaries of two books that claim there are significant and consistent differences in communication styles between men and women.
One is a popular book for the general public; the second is more professionally oriented and based on research. Mar 09, · All international communication is influenced by cultural differences. Even the choice of communication medium can have cultural overtones.
The determining factor may not be the degree of industrialization, but rather whether the country falls into a high-context or low-context culture. Its fun to look at communication differences between men and women but we also have to be careful to not stereotype and assume that all men will act a certain way and all women will act a certain way.Download