Three key innovations in Europe during the sixteenth century set the stage for a military revolution in Europe and eventually led to European dominance of the world: Armies did start to use thinner formations, but in a slow evolution, and subjected to tactical considerations.
The extensive utilization of gunpowder led to protective as well as unpleasant changes in the order of the battle.
In a way that few could have foreseen, the sustained preoccupation of the European states with fighting each other by land and sea had at length paid handsome dividends. Michael Roberts introduced the notion in the s focusing on Sweden between the years and In Defence of The Military Revolution.
This invention threatened the Americans making the innovative spread of weaponry containing gunpowder to the seas give the Europeans naval supremacy. For instance, the wars that aimed at capturing slaves did not require the use of firearms.
InParker extended the concept to cover weaponry fortification, which was able to endure the new blockade artillery and the emerging Spanish army. This is the reason as to why they were defeated.
Thus Jeremy Black thinks that the key time period was that of —, which saw an exponential growth in the size of European armies,  while Clifford J. Thus the great leap in army size in the s and 40s was accompanied by a major reorganization of government in most Western states in which the inherited administrative system based on the household gave way to a more complex bureaucratic edifice; while the further period of rapid increase in manpower between and was associated with the rise of absolutism -- especially in the states that had been prominent in the Thirty Years War and had experienced a collapse in the pyramid of command during it France, Sweden, Austria and Prussia.
According to Rogers, Gould and Eldredge argued "that evolution proceeded by short bursts of rapid change interspersed with long periods of stasis rather than constant, slow alteration. There were, to be sure, a few exceptions Parker scrutinizes the results of the military evolution used by Europe to defeat different regions of the world.
He also gives it a new significance, not only was a factor in the growth of the State, it was also the main factor, together with the "Naval Revolution" to the rise of the West over other Civilizations.
Thanks above all to their military superiority, founded upon the military revolution of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Western nations had managed to create the first global hegemony in History. The European techniques failed to work on Chinese and the Japanese for they had acquired stronger fortifications.
This required skilled armed and permanent forces. But the military supremacy which the possession of a powerful siege train conferred contributed in no small degree to that strengthening of royal authority which we find in some European states in the later 15th century. Later, the innovators began to conduct tests by constructing a wall making use of new and different techniques.
Parker argues that the alteration of the military organization resulted into European mastery of the battleground whether on land or sea.The Limits to Revolutions in Military Affairs: Maurice of Nassau, the Battle of Nieuwpoort (), and the Legacy Geoffrey Parker Abstract.
An Assessment of the Military Revolution DANIEL SOK Introduction military revolution, Geoffrey Parker has most notably expanded the theory to explain how Europe became the dominant world power that managed to conquer nearly thirty-five percent of the world’s landmass from the period of to Military Revolution by Geoffrey Parker Military Revolution can be defined as the fundamental change in military policies and tactics, which changed the government.
Michael Roberts introduced the notion in the s focusing on Sweden between the years and The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West Geoffrey Parker Cambridge University Press The Military Revolution - 1: Sebastian Vrancx () Soldiers plunder a farm Roberts' thesis has been questioned and criticized.
It has also been expanded and adapted, particularly by Geoffrey Parker who also sees military change as crucial in the rise of the West. In this attractively illustrated and updated edition, Geoffrey Parker discusses the major changes in the military practice of the West during this time period--establishment of bigger armies, creation of superior warships, the role of firearms--and argues that these major changes amounted to a "military revolution" that gave Westerners a /5(13).Download