Waltz, Strickland and Lenz described a five-step process for developing conceptual theoretical definitions. This helps the research to give inductive arguments Mertens Descriptive theory plays an especially important role in qualitative studies. Such middle-range theories attempt to explain such phenomena as decision making, stress, self care, health promotion and infant attachment.
Schematic models are visual representations of some aspect of reality; like conceptual models and theories, they use Examining theoretical basis as building blocks, but with minimal use of words.
Schematic models, which are common in both qualitative and quantitative research, represent phenomena graphically. Components of Traditional Theory As traditionally defined, scientific theories involve a series of propositions regarding interrelationships among concepts.
Conceptual models provide a perspective regarding interrelated phenomena, but are more loosely structured than theories. In this kind of approach it is necessary for the researcher to be general, but this research issue is specific and related to the development of human resources in the organization Ritchie and Lewis It is described as the abstract, logical structure of meaning that guide the development of the study.
Concepts are the basic building blocks of a theory. All the frameworks are based on the identification of key concepts and the relationships among concepts.
Inductive Approach Trochim The deductive research approach is based on the general idea to reach at the specific situation and it is linked with the positivism paradigm, whereas, inductive approach works over a specific idea to generalize the situation as per the research topic, which is linked with the interpretivism paradigm Crowther and Lancaster The writings of scientific theory include a variety of terms such as proposition, postulate, premise, axiom, law, principle and so forth, some of which are used interchangeably, and others of which introduce subtleties that are too complex.
Concepts and linkages between them are represented through the use of boxes, arrows, or other symbols. A visual or symbolic representation of theory or conceptual framework often helps to express abstract ideas in a concise and readily understandable form.
Inductive approach is highly associated with the interpretivism philosophy. Conceptual models Conceptual models, conceptual frameworks or conceptual schemes we use the term interchangeably represent a less formal attempt at organizing phenomena than theories.
Qualitative researchers often strive to develop a conceptualization of the phenomena under study that is grounded in actual observations. Many theories are more restricted in scope, focusing on a narrow range experience.
Observation, pattern, tentative hypothesis and theory see figure are important steps of the inductive approach. Variety of data and information is collected by the researcher to confirm or reject the hypothesis to resolve issue Gill and Johnson In the given figure, various steps of using deductive approach are development of theory, hypothesis, observation through data and information and confirmation.
Classical theories comprise a set of propositions that indicates relationships among the concepts. Inductive approach allows the researcher to provide subjective reasoning with the help of various real life examples Ridenour, Benz and Newman The researcher uses observe data and facts to reach at tentative hypothesis and define a theory as per the research problem.
Frameworks A framework is the overall conceptual underpinning of a study.Examining the theoretical basis for the analysis of surface plasmons in the microwave and terahertz regimes Abstract: Surface electromagnetic modes guided by. Theories as the Basis for Nursing Practice Seema R Sulemani Homeland University NURS SF12 October 14, Abstract Theory development is the fundamental step for expansion of nursing knowledge.
The knowledge has been borrowed from different disciplines to build the nursing theories. Examining Theoretical Basis Many terms have been used in connection with conceptual contexts for research, including theories, Models, frameworks, schemes and maps -.
Examining the theoretical basis of quality of life interventions in the congenital heart disease population.
understanding by giving a formal description of the subject and examining the theoretical basis for some of the techniques which have become accepted tools of decision-making around the world. survey or summary of the vast literature on the theoretical aspects of the subject.
Cost-benefit analysis is the examination of a decision in terms. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Nov 29,Suzanne Fredericks and others published Examining the theoretical basis of quality of life interventions in the congenital heart disease population.Download